Final Papers / Class on 3 December

Thanks to everyone who presented on Monday. The panels were well run and generated interesting questions for all of us. Today we’ll hear from the other half of you. And do remember that you must attend both classes to get full credit for the panel portion of your grade.

To Do:

Submit your final papers to me via email (danmorse@udel.edu) on Monday, 8 December. When you do so please highlight everything that’s new (any parts that weren’t in your first draft). Also, send a paragraph in the body of your email describing the pattern of (and idea behind) the various changes you’ve made. In other words, show how you worked on your thesis, rethought your argument, reworked your use of sources, etc. Do not tell me that you changed one word on the third page or that your first draft was so good that you didn’t need to change much. Remember the distinction between editing and revision. I need to see the big picture of how you revised your paper, not the fine-grained details of punctuation and spelling.

Remember the spirit of the course, which is to learn about writing as a process. This is not the time to make a calculation of how many words you need to change to earn grade X. You should make every conceivable revision you can think of. And you should CERTAINLY, AT THE LEAST make every revision I suggested. To not do so is to sacrifice points.

Finally, one of the first things I’ll look for is a clear, interesting thesis at the end of the first paragraph—make sure it’s there! Next, make sure it explains why looking at your topic helps us better understand globalization. It’s not enough for your topic to be an example of globalization. Explain why your example is a crucial one for scholars of globalization.

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Panels / Class: Monday, 24 November

Hi all,

Today in class you’ll be getting into your panels and planning your group handout as well as your procedure for next Monday and Wednesday. If you are not in class today, it’s up to you to get in touch with your panel-mates to organize things. For more information on the panels, see Writing.

The Globalization of Sport (Monday)

Anthony P—The National Basketball Association (NBA)

Blake P– Olympics

Matt L– Major League Baseball: Show Me The Money

Stephen W– Soccer: The World’s Game

Global Exchange: The Good, the Bad, and the Ugly (Monday)

Connor P– The Globalization of Malaria

Emily M– Globalization and Healthcare in Developing Counties

Mariah E– Recognizing Globalization Downfalls: Cocaine

Morgan P– The Globalization of Fashion Week

Jack W– No End in Sight for the Globalization of English

American Futures: Money and Conflict (Wednesday)

James F–Military

Kayla H– nuclear weaponry

Evan C– How are Western Influences Leading the World Down a Path of Destruction?

Chris U– America

Andrew K– Money

Theorizing Global Flows: The Economics of Culture (Wednesday)

Alex M– The Silk Road and the Modern Aspects of Globalization

Amanda O– International Students and Globalization Rapidly Growing Together

CJ—Architecture

Liz S– America, The Smorgasbord

Tyler S– The Globalization of Subcultures: Theory and Examples

Workshop Day 2

In-class: Workshop in groups

Reminders: Address how the writer can bring out their thesis / argument; be on the lookout for “a string of quotes;” are sources introduced?; Are there opportunities to switch to active voice?

To do: Plan of work due on Wed 11/19 by noon to danmorse@udel.edu

The NBA on a global scale

Sport is no different than other enterprise in the sense that its possibility to grow is endless. The NBA specifically, has grown from a small American sport, to the second most popular sport, behind only soccer, in the world. There are many reasons for this growth. Sport, more than most enterprises, has such a possibility to grow due to its simplicity and the fact that all cultures no matter where they are located or how advanced are, have always and will always participate in sport. The globalization of the NBA is due to a few key factors, most of which go deeper than the actual sport itself.

The NBA has globalized to an international enterprise since the league came to be. One aspect of this globalization I speak about in my paper is Yao Ming’s entrance into the league. When Yao Ming was Drafted number one overall in the 2002 NBA draft it was not as simple as him hoping on a plane to the United States. The Chinese government needed to determine if they would allow Ming to play in the United States. After months of negotiation, the Chinese Government decided to let Ming play for the Houston Rockets, however, they set forth a few rules. First, Ming had to pay Chinese taxes on whatever he made playing in the NBA and second, the Houston Rockets had to agree to train the members of Ming’s old team, the Shanghai Sharks, in an effort to improve the Chinese basketball scene, and third, some of Ming’s salary had to go to the Shanghai Sharks. This is one of the instances where the Globalization of the NBA transcended the game and entered into the world of politics. The NBA is more than a game. It is a way for some international players to come to America and make some great money. The possibilities the sport has are endless. David Stern, the pervious commissioner of the NBA was very focused on globalizing the NBA and making into an international brand which it is well on its way to becoming.

Workshop Groups

Hi all,

Below please find your group assignments for our workshop sessions on Wednesday and next Monday. Please review the procedures detailed on the Writing page of our course blog. For Wednesday, please read and respond to the first two papers in the list, and for Monday please read the remaining papers. The papers are available on Sakai under Resources and then “First Drafts” and then in folders by group name.

To get credit for doing the homework, please email me the .doc or .docx files (with your comments) for each day BEFORE coming to class. Please label them as follows: Authorlastname_DraftOne_Yourlastname_Comments. If you do not email these to me before class, you will be marked absent.

Finally, don’t forget to bring a printed copy to class to write on and then hand to your classmate.

Group A

Caplan

Eastburn

Farley

Hill

Group B

Jacquith

Kaye

Lang

Mayer

Group C

OKeeffe

Palermo

Peremel

Petruzzi

Group D

Pudimott

Sastre

Sofronious

Usavage

Group E

Werner

Wilson

May

Social Movements and the Deglobalization of Cocaine

In chapter twelve, called “Cocaine in Chains: The Rise and Demise of a Global Commodity, 1860-1950” of the book ‘’From Silver to Cocaine”, Paul Gootenberg explains the rising cultivation, consumption, and export of cocaine. The drug quickly became a commodity of trade around the world, especially in Germany, Japan, and the United States. By the late 1800s, people were using cocaine as an additive to many concoctions, prescribed for all different kinds of real and imagined ills. By the early 1900s, the public became aware of the dangers associated with this drug and government systems (especially in the US) began passing laws in attempt to lessen the globalization of the drug, which worked to an extent, yet the drug manufacture, distribution, and use is still a problem today.

This chapter of “From Silver to Cocaine” is relatable to chapter five of Anthony Giddens’ book, “The Consequences of Modernity”. In chapter five, Giddens talk about the role of social movements in changing the future. He talks about how there are different types of social movements: labor, free speech/democratic, peace, and ecological. In chapter twelve of “From Silver to Cocaine”, readers are told how the globalization of cocaine began to head in the opposite direction, or toward its “demise”. This “demise” was due to the social movements that took place, and the laws that were passed. For example, in the 1940s, cocaine prohibitions became a big topic at the Geneva conventions of the League of Nations. “Social movements provide glimpses of possible futures and are in some part vehicles for their realization.” (Giddens, 161). Regarding drug distribution and use, what kind of future can we work towards through social movements? Can we decrease the globalization of harmful drugs and decrease drug use? Giddens points out that there are other means by which we can work towards a safer and more humane world other than by social movements. I believe that social movements and the like a great towards the attempt to better the world, yet I also believe that humans are naturally self- oriented. We look out for our own best interest, and this is quite a hindrance when trying to better the world. The discontinuation of illegal drug trafficking would lead to the loss of jobs and money. The people making money through these means know that what they are doing is not working towards the common good of the world, yet they do it anyway, because it is in their own best interest.

Globalization of our Money System

The last century has been marked by immense changes in our countries money system. Globalization and Catching-up In Transition Economics by Grzegorz Kolodko shows the effects globalization has had on our countries money systems. He talks about the increase in technology over time, and how it facilitates interactions between people all over the world. Kolodko then explains the invention of credit, and how this innovation changed the money system and revolutionized the economy.

My essay talks about how globalization made the evolution of our money system possible. The Author of The Consequences of Modernity, Anthony Giddens has an interesting perspective on the relationship between money systems and globalization. Giddens defines money as a symbolic token; by this he means a media of interchange, which can be circulated, and used by anyone who needs it. Additionally, Giddens also views money as debt. Specifically, “A basic transaction initiated when acknowledgements of debt can be substituted for commodities as such in the settlement of transactions.” (Giddens) The system mentioned above is comparable to bartering. Bartering is a system where people exchanged services and goods for other services and goods in return. Giddens also goes on to say that this debt based money system functions because of globalization. This is possible because, “One State is able to transform private debt transactions into a standard means of payment- in other words, to bring debt and credit in to balance in respect of an indefinite number of transactions.” (Giddens) This system is similar to today’s cash, and electronic money system. It functions because our country is globalized, and acts as one. Moreover the government regulates our money system. This insures debts are paid, and if the debts cannot be paid there person is compensated for what was lost. It also means that everything is kept in balance, which allows “an indefinite number of transactions” to take place. Furthermore, time and distance no longer affect transactions. Lastly, Giddens views on money systems, illustrate how globalization facilitated the evolution of our money system.

2 Different Views on Globalization and International Influence

It is fascinating how two different authors can view the globalization and international influence quite differently. In the book Promise of American Industry Donald L. Losman explains how globalization and international influence “brings a host of economic problems and vulnerabilities, which in turn generate considerable political, foreign policy, and national security challenges” (139). To me this is a realistic normal discussion on the effects of globalization. Sure, when American companies grow to the extent they transcend their physical continental borders of the United States, a new wide range of problems plague them. To dissect Losman’s concerns, we start with his mention of economic problems and vulnerabilities. Let’s face it, businesses sole purpose is to make money – if they are not making money they’ll be closing their doors soon afterwards. The globalization of business playing their international roles within the context of foreign governments and their regulatory policies most assuredly benefits both parties, or once again, the businesses would leave rather quickly. As far as national security challenges concerns go, as long as the host country is not at war, the corporations can easily rely on the local authorities in addition to their own corporate security teams. Considering higher level issues on the national security issue, our embassies know well in advance of imminent dangers and typically evacuate prior to being overrun by angry local mobs. Rarely are corporate offices attacked because they employ the foreign local workforce, and they understand the risk of jeopardizing their paychecks. As far as corporate espionage is concerned, the threat is as real inside our borders as it is outside of them. So, yes, international influence and globalization certainly presents its challenges to international corporations and they will be rising to any challenge, making money. No big deal, business as usual.

By contrast, if we look at the alarming writings by Anthony Giddens in Giddens in The Consequences of Modernity, he not only see’s American business suffering, but the collapse of the American nation state, dissolving into the ranks of nameless, former third world nations states. “The economic, political, and military power which gave the West its primacy, and which was founded upon conjunction of the four institutional dimensions of I shall shortly discuss, no longer so distinctly differentiates the Western countries from others elsewhere” (52). It’s bad enough he discounts America’s economic global contributions, but Giddens crosses the line of reason when he negates the American military and it’s ever present global peace keeping force. He continues sewing his uncertainty and doubt for American capitalism and industrialization when he writes “In the industrialised societies above all, but to some extent in the world as a whole, we have entered a period of high modernity, cut loose from its moorings in the reassurance of tradition and in what was for a long while an anchored “vantage-point” (both for those on the “inside” and for others)- the dominance of the West. Although its originators looked for certainties to replace preestablished dogmas, modernity effectively involves the institutionalization of doubt” (176). Even though while Giddens alarmingly paints the doom and gloom effect of globalization and international influence on the American nation state, it is refreshing to read other authors interpretation on the same and consider it business as usual.

Trust in our military and the day to day operation

In the article posted by the Washington Times on September 8th, 2011 called 9/11 changed war-fighting written by Rowan Scarborough they go into detail on different topics about how the 9/11 attacks changed the way we fight war.  They go to give many different examples and proved details about how the war fighting has changed.  The article goes into the details on how it has bettered our military operations.  In my essay I define how going to the war on terror has bettered our military operations even though people’s views would disagree with me.

Although my essay goes into detail on how the Global war of Terrorism has benefitted our military and its day to day operations I can see the points that other have to disagree with what I am trying to define.  The people of the United States have put the trust into our military to fight for our freedom.  To have a success in fighting for our freedom I believe we need to have the most up to date operations and equipment for our men and women.

In Giddens he talks about how we look at the military power and how we are strong and have went to war with other countries but he would have never thought we would be going to war with an organization within a country or countries.  He also talks a lot about trust.  Our citizens have major concerns about the safety and security of the United States of America.  They put a great deal of trust into our military to protect and fight for our country but then they go and pick and choice when we should and shouldn’t go to war.  Does that make and sense to you?  It doesn’t make any to me but then will still have the opinions and all but then still have that great deal of trust in the military to protect them and our country.

JF

Giddens favor of Modern Institutions

Kemal Gürüz discusses, questions, and explains how higher education for international students has become increasingly available due to technology and mobility in her book, Higher education and international student mobility in the global knowledge economy. Gürüz believes that the mobility of international students has been inevitable; students have always been motivated to seek political, economic, and cultural gains through education. The number of foreign students worldwide was over 2.5 million in 2008, a number that has and will continue to grow. Thus, it is argued that international students have became widely globalized, and their experiences in new countries have contributed to world peace, understanding, and security.

My critical essay focuses on the positive aspects that have taken place due to the globalization of international students. Although my essay speaks rather exceptionally of international students, there are obvious risks that are taken by international students and others in the process. Such risks may include traveling and being surrounded by an unfamiliar culture and language.

Due to possible these risks, trust is put into place. Trust, defined by Anthony Giddens, is the “confidence in the reliability of a person or system, regarding a given set of outcomes or events” (Giddens 34). By studying in a foreign place, students are putting trust into a higher education system that they may be familiar with, but not completely understand due to language (or other) barriers. Because foreign students are too often unfamiliar with the territory in which they study in, they must hold trust in who they are surrounded by, the country they are in, and the specific university or institution in which they are enrolled in.

When studying internationally, there is an extreme amount of trust put into the entire system that is run by the higher education institution or university. While studying at a university, many may find the trust put into strangers (the student or those surrounding the student) to be frightening. Additionally, trust is put into a larger system: International students often engage in the global economy, capital markets, and business-oriented communication between individuals with different first-languages.

Contrary to what I had originally anticipated, Giddens argues that the trust put into this system is not something to be worried about. “The development of modern social institutions and their worldwide spread have created vastly greater opportunities for human beings to enjoy a secure and rewarding existence than any type of pre-modern system” (Giddens 7). In the case of foreign students studying outside of their native country, the social institution would be the university or higher education institution. The programs offered at these institutions for international students have allowed for students to have opportunities that they may have otherwise been restricted from. Because their higher education would be obtained from an institution, it would most likely be secure and have a rewarding result.