In Rewriting Harris defines countering as “looking at other views and texts not as wrong but as partial- in the sense of being both interested and incomplete.” (57). Harris also talks about the three different ways “individuate” ideas, arguing the other side, uncovering values, and dissenting. Harris describes Dissenting as “identifying a shared line of thought on an issue in order to note its limits.” (57). Dissenting is a beneficial tool to use when countering an idea because it makes the reader try and understand the point the author was trying to make. Giddens frequently does this through out the book. In The Consequences of Modernity Giddens uses the works and ideas of many other authors to illustrate his point. However, whenever he uses another person’s work he either completely agrees with them, or completely disagrees with them, there is no middle ground. The problem I have when reading Giddens is that it is hard to get the full picture of what he is trying to say when he omits parts of an argument that he is using.
In the last chapter of The Consequences of Modernity Giddens gives his final thoughts on globalization, and restates points that he had made throughout the book. In this chapter Giddens states “Modernity is inseparable from the abstract systems that provide for the disembedding of social relations across space and time and span both socalised nature of and the social universe.” (151). I believe Giddens is trying to say Modernity and abstract systems are connected, and that we are globally connected through large abstract systems. I agree with him when he says this, abstract systems are a major reason why our world is so connected. Things like airports, cruises, and trains all connect us. Additionally, things like email, and the Internet help spread information, and keep people up to date on things happening all around the world. Giddens also spoke about a topic called “Utopian Realism”, and the effects that it has on society. Giddens defines Utopian Realism as “The heavily counterfactual nature of future- oriented thought, an essential element of the reflexivity of modernity, has positive as well as negative implications” Utopian Realism has different components to it, including Life politics, Politicisation of the Local, and Politicisation of the Global, and Emancipatory Politics (politics of inequality). Giddins also mentions Marx views on the subject. Unlike other points Giddens tries to prove through the book he does a good job of showing all of Marx’s argument, not just utilizing the points the work for his argument.