Organized Crime has been a major problem around the world since the 1970’s and remains to be a problem today. When speaking of organized Crime many people will think of major cities such as New York City or Las Angeles. Also while thinking of Organized Crime some people think of gangs and some people think of mob affiliates. James H. Mittleman describes how these two have become connected and how they have evolved since the 1970’s.
Many things go into affecting organized crime. As Mittleman talks about, the poor economy and loss of jobs causes many people to become in organized crime as a way of making money. During the 1970’s organized crime existed all over the world but was not as connected as it is today. In modern day crime is much more connected all over the world due to the internet and social media. As Mittleman says “commercial airlines, telecommunications, and the use of computers in business” (227) Crime can now be something done by someone 1000 miles away via a computer hack. Mittleman writes this piece to show a more negative side of globalization. Organized Crime is debatably more affective than ever due to modern day aspects of globalization. Mittleman also talks about how organized Crime would not be possible without wealthy criminals who can buy out cops and control government related businesses. This is a scary thought that some of the people controlling government and police force are also the same people involved in smuggling drugs and other types of organized crime. Although a terrifying reality, this is a great example of how so many things are connected. All of these things; the government, organized crime, the police force, etc. rely on each other. As Giddens says “the nature of modern institutions is deeply bound up with the mechanisms of trust in abstract systems”. This is referring to the trust system Giddens believes in so much. Mittleman would also agree that this trust system is very relevant to any globalized thing whether it be organized crime, the economy, or even sushi.
Giddens and Mittleman would have a lot to agree on especially since many of Giddens theories back up Mittleman’s article. For example Gidden’s theory on trust in abstract systems. Giddens theory on low-probability and high risk could also be applied to this article. Most everyone in the business in organized crime knows the risks they are taking when getting involved in the business , but they choose to ignore the possible consequences. The two differ greatly in writing style though, as Giddens writes more about his theory and does not use examples to back up his theory and Mittleman seemingly does the opposite. Globalization has many positive aspects too it. Due to social media news of a tragedy can now spread all over the world within minutes, awareness of disease is at an all time high and it is becoming easier and easier to learn about the culture of a place you have never been too through technology. Organized Crime however is a great example of a negative aspect of examples in technology and globalization. Giddens fails to mention much about the negativity of globalization which leads me to believe that this article could open up a whole different side of globalization to Giddens.